Python Technology

Hi All,

Nowadays python has become most essential technology for all open source development. Python has become core language for all domains. Some of the following are main cases where we use it,

A few of the Web applications

  • ERP5, a powerful open source ERP / CRM used in Aerospace, Apparel, Banking and for e-government
  • Gate One, an open source terminal emulator and SSH client
  • GNU Mailman, one of the more popular packages for running email mailing lists
  • MoinMoin, a wiki engine
  • OpenERP, new name Odoo, an open source comprehensive suite of business applications
  • Planet, a feed aggregator
  • Plone, an open source content management system
  • Pyrat is a Laboratory Animal Facility Management Software (or Lab Animal Colony Management Software) written in Python. Its name means “Python based Relational Animal Tracking”
  • Roundup, a bug tracking system
  • Tor2web, an HTTP proxy for Tor Hidden Services (HS)
  • Trac, web-based bug/issue tracking database, wiki, and version control front-end
  • Turntable.fm, a discontinued social media site for interactively sharing music[citation needed]
  • ViewVC, a web-based interface for browsing CVS and SVNrepositories.
  • Instagram
  • Pinterest
  • Disqus
  • Bitbucket
  • Mozilla
  • …..and many any more !

Video games!

You can create a fully functional blog in literally 10 minutes ! .

  • CherryPy, an object-oriented web application server and framework
  • Django, an MVC (model, view, controller) web framework
  • Bottle, A fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web framework
  • Flask, a modern, lightweight, well-documented microframework based on Werkzeug and Jinja 2
  • Google App Engine, a platform for developing and hosting web applications in Google-managed data centers, including Python.
  • Pylons, a lightweight web framework emphasizing flexibility and rapid development
  • Pyramid, is a minimalistic web framework inspired by Zope, Pylons and Django
  • Quixote, a framework for developing Web applications in Python
  • Topsite Templating System, another Python-powered web framework
  • TurboGears, a web framework combining SQLObject/SQLAlchemy,Kid/Genshi, and CherryPy/Pylons
  • web2py, a full-stack enterprise web application framework, following the MVC design
  • Zope, an application server, commonly used to build content management systems
  • Tornado, a lightweight non-blocking server and framework

Graphics frameworks

UI frameworks

  • Kivy, open source Python library for developing multitouch application software with a natural user interface (NUI).
  • PyGTK, a popular cross-platform GUI library based on GTK+; furthermore, other GNOME libraries also have bindings for Python
  • PyQt, another cross-platform GUI library based on Qt; as above, KDElibraries also have bindings
  • PySide, an alternative to the PyQt library, released under the BSD-style licence
  • Tkinter is Python’s de facto GUI it is shipped in most versions of Python and is integrated in the IDLE. It is based Tcl command tool.
  • wxPython, a port of wxWidgets and a cross-platform GUI library for Python

Scientific packages.

  • Astropy, a library of Python tools for astronomy and astrophysics.
  • Biopython, a Python molecular biology suite
  • graph-tool, a Python module for manipulation and statistical analysis of graphs.
  • Pathomx, a workflow-based metabolomics analysis tool.
  • NetworkX, a package for the creation, manipulation, and study ofcomplex networks.
  • SciPy, a library of scientific and numerical routines
  • scikit-learn, a library for machine learning.
  • scikit-image, a library for image processing.
  • SymPy, a symbolic calculation package
  • TomoPy, a package for tomographic data processing and image reconstruction
  • Veusz, a scientific plotting package
  • VisTrails, a scientific workflow and provenance management software with visual programming interface and integrated visualization (via Matplotlib, VTK).

Mathematical libraries

  • Matplotlib, an extension providing MATLAB-like plotting and mathematical functions
  • Plotly is a scientific plotting library for creating browser-based graphs.
  • NumPy, a language extension that adds support for large and fast, multi-dimensional arrays and matrices
  • Sage is a large mathematical software application which integrates the work of nearly 100 free software projects and supports linear algebra, combinatorics, numerical mathematics, calculus, and more.
  • SymPy, a symbolic mathematical calculations package

Additional development packages

  • Cheetah, a Python-powered template engine and code-generation tool
  • Construct, a python library for the declarative construction and deconstruction of data structures
  • IPython, a development shell both written in and designed for Python
  • Jinja, a Python-powered template engine, inspired by Django‘s template engine
  • mod python, an Apache module allowing direct integration of Python scripts with the Apache web server
  • PYthon Remote Objects, a Distributed Object Technology
  • PyObjC, a Python to Objective-C bridge that allows writing Mac OS X software in Python
  • Setuptools, a package development process library designed to facilitate packaging Python projects by enhancing the Python distutils (distribution utilities) standard library.
  • Sphinx (documentation generator), which converts reStructuredTextfiles into HTML websites and other formats including PDF, EPub andMan pages
  • Twisted, a networking framework for Python
  • VPython, the Python programming language plus a 3D graphics module called Visual

Embedded as a scripting language
Python is, or can be used as the scripting language in these software products.

Commercial uses

  • CCP hf uses Stackless Python in both its server and client side applications for its MMO Eve Online
  • NASA is using Python to implement a CAD/CAE/PDM repository and model management, integration, and transformation system which will be the core infrastructure for its next-generation collaborative engineering environment[citation needed]. It is also the development language for OpenMDAO, a framework developed by NASA for solvingmultidisciplinary design optimization problems.
  • “Python has been an important part of Google since the beginning, and remains so as the system grows and evolves. Today dozens of Google engineers use Python.”
  • reddit was originally written in Common Lisp, but was rewritten in Python in 2005[7]
  • Yahoo! Groups uses Python “to maintain its discussion groups”[citation needed]
  • YouTube uses Python “to produce maintainable features in record times, with a minimum of developers”
  • Enthought uses python as the main language for countless custom applications in Geophysics, Financial applications, Astrophysics, simulations for consumer product companies, …
  • EDF uses Python for their finite element solver Code Aster in combination with Fortran

Not only this , the popularity of this language has led to the development of a large number of Python implementations

  • ActivePython, the Python implementation from ActiveState, includes aWindows Script Host scripting engine called PythonScript. Scripts written in PythonScript have the default file name extension of .pys.
  • CPython – the reference implementation, written in C89.
  • CLPython – implementation, written in Common Lisp
  • Cython is a programming language to simplify writing C and C++ extension modules for the CPython Python runtime.
  • IronPython – Python for .NET and Mono platforms
  • Jython – Python coded in Java
  • Parrot – virtual machine being developed mainly as the runtime for Perl 6, but with the intent to also support dynamic languages like Python, Ruby, Tcl, etc.
  • Psyco – not an implementation, but JIT compiler for CPython
  • PyPy – Python (originally) coded in Python, used in conjunctionRPython, a restricted subset of Python that is amenable to static analysis and therefore a JIT.
  • Stackless Python – Python with coroutines
  • Unladen Swallow – the Python implementation from the Google team
  • Nuitka – Python to C++ compiler

python

Reference- quora ( Aman)

Thank you all,

Anand

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